'logistics'에 해당되는 글 2건

  1. 2008.11.09 Logistics Management Final exam
2008. 11. 9. 23:53

Logistics Management Final exam

1. Why is supply chain management more popular today than, say twenty years ago?

  Bucause twenty years ago, supply chain management was simply viewed as logistics outside the firm. However, the advancement of electronic data interchange (EDI) systems, barcoding, Internet systems, and radio frequency scanning technologies over the past two decades has greatly aided the evolution of the integrated supply chain concept. Organizations in the retail industry have utilized supply chain management to meet the ever-increasing uncertainty and complexity of the marketplace and to reduce inventory throughout the supply chain.
  Most recently, the rapid development of client/server supply chain management software that typically includes integrated supply chain management and electronic commerce components has aided in the evolution and adoption of supply chain management. Sharing information with supply chain partners through EDI and the Internet has enabled firms to integrate stocking, logistics, materials acquisition, shipping, and other functions to create a more proactive and effective style of business management and customer responsiveness.

  20년 전에는 공급사슬관리의 필요성을 절감하지 못했고, 그 효과에 대해서도 정확히 인식하지 못했다. 하지만 20년이 지난 지금은 공급사슬관리는 확실한 이익을 가져다주고 있고, 관련 기술들의 발달로 공급사슬관리 또한 발전했다.

2. How can a small business like a local sandwich shop or bicycle shop benefit from supply chain management?

  Order communication and inventory visibility may extend farther back up the supply chain, reducing the likelihood of stock-outs or excess inventories. Thus it can be seen that purchasing, inventory, and transportation cost savings can be quite sizable for firms utilizing supply chain management strategies.

  판매수량을 예측하여서 제품을 구매하여 버리는 제품을 최소화하고, 재고를 남기지 않는다.

3. Do you think larger firms can succeed more easily than smaller firms in SCM? Why or why not? 

Yes, because higher purchase volumes per supplier typically mean lower costs(causing a much greater impact on profits than a corresponding increase in sales), higher quality, and better delivery service.

대기업들은 공급사슬관리의 규모가 크기 때문에 원가절감의 기회 또한 크다.

4. What role do you think "trust" plays in the practice of SCM?

좋은 관계 지속
안정적인 공급
지속적인 개선

Later, when new competitors start producing the scarce product or when demand declines the supplier my no longer be valued by the buying firm; instead, the firm may see more value in negotiating with other potential suppliers for its purchase requirements and may then decide to dissolve the original buyer-supplier alignment. Thus, effective supply chain management relies on high levels of trust.

5. Explain backward vertical integration. What are the advantages of outsourcing compared to backward vertical integration?

6. When should a firm outsource instead of making the items in-house?

7. What factors should be considered while choosing suppliers?

8. Why should an organization be concerned with supplier relationships?

9. Why many companies rushed to implement ERP at the turn-of-the-century?

10. What are the advantages of ERP over the legacy MRP system?

11. Explain the primary concerns and objectives of JIT.

12. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using JIT II supplier relationships?

13. Why are transportation and warehousing important issues in supply chain management?

14. What is the ultimate goal of supply chain management?

고객 이익 극대화

15. What are the major three trends of Logistics Management? And the focus on speed has on direct impacts on three areas of logistical operations, what are they?


와우, 영어 수업 드디어 끝난다~
영어 공부는 정말 해야한다.
다들 영어공부 열심히 합시다 ^^

저거 답 다 영작하려면....

슬프다. 비싼 돈 줘가면서 대학공부하는데.
장학금 한번 못타고, 배운건 없고.

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